The community in The Marais traces its roots back to the 13th century. They remained until Jews were expelled from France a century later, and re-established themselves, with Alsatian Jews the first to arrive in the 1880s.
Eastern European Jews fleeing pogroms in their countries arrived in waves until the 1930s, and opened synagogues and commercial establishments around Rue des Rosiers, calling it the Pletzl, meaning "small square" in Yiddish.
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